Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages Exam Structure & Breakdown

Teacher standing at the front of class reading a book to her students

Are you planning to take the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam? Well, you’ve come to the right place! This article will summarize the exam structure and provide valuable tips and resources to help you ace the test.

The Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam assesses your knowledge and skills in various social mathematics-related areas. Understanding the structure and format of the exam, as well as knowing how to prepare effectively, can greatly improve your chances of success.

So, whether you’re a first-time test taker or looking to retake the exam, let’s dive into the details of the  Praxis (5362) ESOL exam and explore some strategies for preparation and test-taking. By the end of this article, you’ll be armed with the knowledge and tools you need to tackle the exam confidently. Let’s get started!

Overview of the  Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages Exam

Understanding what to expect on test day is important. This exam assesses your knowledge and skills in various subject areas relevant to teaching middle school students. Let’s look at the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages overview to help you better prepare.

The Praxis ESOL  exam consists of multiple-choice questions covering various content areas. This exam is divided into 6 content categories:

  • Foundations of Linguistics
  • Foundations of Language Learning
  • Planning and Implementing Instruction
  • Assessment and Evaluation
  • Culture
  • Professionalism and Advocacy

We will break down what concepts these subareas cover later in the article!

Time Limit

You will have 2 hours to complete the Praxis 5362 exam.

Passing Score

To pass the  Praxis English to Speakers of Other Languages exam, you must score a 155. Passing scores may vary from state to state, so be sure to check the ETS website for your state’s passing score. 

Number of Questions

The Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam has 120 multiple-choice questions over six categories. We will dig deeper into the subareas below.


The Praxis 5362 exam costs $130 and must be paid using a credit or debit card. Check the Praxis website to find more information on how to pay for your exam.

Breakdown of Exam Content

Once you clearly understand the structure of the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam, it’s important to delve into the breakdown of the exam content. This breakdown will give you an idea of what specific topics you need to focus on during your preparation. Let’s explore each section in detail:

Category 1: Foundations of Linguistics

  • Understands phonetics, stress and intonation patterns, and the effects of the phonetic environment on pronunciation
  • Is familiar with IPA (the International Phonetic Alphabet)
  • Understands the various types of morphemes and how they are used in word formation
  • Understands the usage of English syntax
  • Understands the parts of speech, including their structural, semantic, and functional characteristics
  • Understands semantics and how combinations of words convey meaning
  • Knows that languages differ from or are similar to each other in their phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics
  • Understands the concepts of pragmatics
  • Understands the concepts of sociolinguistics
  • Knows the concept of World Englishes
  • Understands the conventions of written English (i.e., mechanics)
  • Understands the rhetorical patterns and range of genres used in written English
  • Understands communicative competence
  • Knows about the inconsistencies and irregularities of the English language

Category 2: Foundations of Language Learning 

  • Understands the distinction between social and academic language functions
  • Understands the similarities and differences between first and second-language acquisition, and how learners’ first language can affect their second-language production and reception
  • Understands the processes of second-language acquisition, including research-based models
  • Knows the different types of affective factors and their implications for the second-language learning process
  • Understands the relationship between English phonemes and graphemes and the rules of phonics
  • Understands the literacy development of ELs
  • Understands how first-language literacy influences the development of English literacy
  • Understands that, in addition to language, student performance may be affected by various factors (e.g., socioeconomic, physical, emotional)

Category 3: Planning and Implementing Instruction

  • Knows the implication of dialect variation for the instruction of English learners
  • Understands various methods and approaches in teaching ELs and knows how to select the most appropriate methods for the context
  • Knows a variety of instructional delivery models specific for ELs
  • Knows how to identify appropriate and measurable objectives that align to language and content standards
  • Knows how to design appropriate classroom activities that connect to learning objectives for ELs
  • Knows how to design appropriate assessments that connect to learning objectives for ELs
  • Is familiar with ways to collaborate with other educators in designing classroom activities appropriate to the proficiency levels of English learners
  • Knows how to effectively integrate the four domains of language (i.e., speaking, listening, reading, and writing) into instruction
  • Knows how to promote ELs’ acquisition of receptive and productive skills
  • Knows how and when to apply a variety of strategies for teaching language skills contextually or targeting them discretely
  • Knows how to promote autonomous learning through cognitive and metacognitive strategies with ELs
  • Understands techniques that activate students’ prior knowledge and that build new knowledge to support the acquisition of content and language
  • Knows how to organize instruction that provides students with meaningful opportunities to use language
  • Understands effective practices for teaching literacy to English learners
  • Understands how to select, modify, and/or create culturally responsive, age-appropriate, and linguistically accessible teaching materials and resources to support ELs’ needs
  • Is familiar with how technologies can be used to support language development, instruction, and learning
  • Understands how to create a secure, supportive, and culturally respectful learning environment for ELs
  • Knows how and when to use constructive feedback to facilitate English-language learning
  • Knows how to create a language-, text-, and print-rich environment at a linguistic and age-appropriate level that promotes academic growth
  • Understands how to differentiate instruction for ELs based on individual student needs and language proficiency levels
  • Knows how to recognize and be instructional responsive to Students with Interrupted Formal Education (SIFEs)
  • Understands that instruction will need to be adapted for ELs receiving special education or gifted services
  • Understands the importance of language modeling, comprehensible input and output, and scaffolding for English language learning

Category 4: Assessment and Evaluation 

  • Is familiar with the role of assessment in the identification, placement, and exit from language-support programs
  • Understands a variety of formal and informal methods to assess receptive and productive language skills
  • Knows how to develop and administer formative and summative classroom assessments to determine ELs’ language skills, inform instruction, and document student growth
  • Knows there are a variety of accommodations for state-mandated content-area testing for ELs
  • Knows ways to adapt classroom assessments for ELs
  • Knows that some ELs may be eligible for special education and/or gifted and talented services and is familiar with how to provide feedback and input about assessment data
  • Is familiar with assessment-related issues such as validity, reliability, and language and cultural bias
  • Knows the difference between norm-referenced and criterion-referenced assessments and how they are used with ELs
  • Knows how to interpret assessment data and use it to assist in planning and differentiating instruction for ELs
  • Is familiar with strategies for communicating assessment data to English learners and their guardians

Category 5: Culture 

  • Understands the interrelationship between language and culture
  • Understands the ways cultural variables affect second-language acquisition and teaching
  • Understands the ways students’ identities will vary widely across and within cultures
  • Understands the implications of cultural stereotyping, cultural bias, and cultural bullying in the school setting
  • Knows that cultural experiences influence student language development, disposition, and learning
  • Understands that the teacher’s personal and cultural experiences influence the teaching style
  • Understands the difference between acculturation and assimilation

Category 6: Professionalism and Advocacy

  • Knows the possible differences between disabilities and typical language proficiency development
  • Knows how to value and incorporate diverse cultures of students into instruction
  • Understands the legal provisions and ethical implications of laws and federal court decisions related to the education of ELs
  • Understands the need to serve as a professional resource and advocate for ELs and families
  • Understands the need to communicate with school personnel about the characteristics and emotional, social, and physical needs of ELs
  • Knows how to identify appropriate strategies for planning and collaborating with ELs, their families, and school and community members
  • Understands ways to collaborate with other school personnel regarding the academic needs of ELs
  • Is familiar with ways that ELs and their families may benefit from a variety of outside resources (e.g., services, networks, organizations)
  • Knows a variety of strategies for consulting with guardians and communicating with them about each student’s progress and needs
  • Knows the importance of engaging in professional development by continually researching relevant and reliable resources and organizations in the field of teaching ESOL

By understanding the breakdown of each section, you can prioritize your studying and allocate more time to areas where you may need additional practice and improvement. Remember, a balanced approach to studying all sections will lead you to success in the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam.

Test Preparation Tips

Preparing for the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam can feel overwhelming, but you can confidently tackle it with the right strategies and mindset. Here are some test preparation tips to help you make the most of your study time:

Reviewing Key Concepts and Skills

  • Start familiarizing yourself with the Praxis English to Speakers of Other Languages exam outline and content areas. This will help you prioritize your study materials and focus on areas that need attention.
  • Create a study schedule and allocate dedicated time to each subject area. This will ensure you cover all the necessary content and give yourself enough time for review.
  • Review core concepts and skills in each subject area, such as key terms and techniques, scientific formulas, and scientific principles. Use textbooks, online resources, and study guides to refresh your knowledge.

Practicing Sample Questions and Practice Tests

  • Regularly practice sample questions and full-length practice tests to familiarize yourself with the exam format and timing. This will help you build endurance and confidence in answering different questions.
  • Analyze your performance in practice tests to identify areas where you need improvement. Focus on understanding the reasoning behind correct answers and learn from any mistakes you make.
  • Use official Praxis English to Speakers of Other Languages exam preparation materials, specifically designed to align with the exam content and format. These resources will give you a realistic idea of what to expect on test day.

Developing Effective Study Strategies

  • Break down your study materials into smaller, manageable chunks. Focus on understanding the main ideas, key details, and concept connections.
  • Use visual aids, such as diagrams, charts, and flashcards, to organize and reinforce information. Visualizing complex ideas can make them easier to comprehend and remember.
  • Engage in active learning techniques, such as summarizing content in your own words, teaching concepts to someone else, or participating in study groups. These strategies can deepen your understanding and retention of the material.

Managing Test Anxiety and Stress

  • Test anxiety is a common challenge, but there are strategies to help manage it. Practice relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, visualization, and positive self-talk, to calm your nerves before and during the exam.
  • Get enough restful sleep the night before the exam, as lack of sleep can impact your focus and cognitive performance.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle leading up to the exam. Eat nutritious meals, exercise regularly, and stay hydrated. Physical well-being can positively influence your mental state.

Remember, everyone’s study journey is unique. Find the best methods for you and adapt them to your learning style. Stay organized, stay consistent, and stay positive. You can succeed on the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam.

Important Exam Day Instructions

On the day of your Praxis (5362) ESOL exam, you must be well-prepared and aware of the instructions to ensure a smooth testing experience. Here are some important exam-day instructions to keep in mind:

Checking Required Documents

Before leaving for the exam, double-check that you have all the necessary documents to bring with you. These typically include:

  • Admission ticket: Make sure your admission ticket is printed and ready to present at the test center.
  • Valid identification: Bring a valid form of identification, such as a driver’s license or passport, to verify your identity.
  • Necessary materials: Some exams may require you to bring specific materials, such as calculators or pencils. Check the exam guidelines to ensure you have the necessary materials with you.

Check the Praxis ETS website to learn more about the testing policies and what you should bring on test day.

Understanding Exam Format and Instructions

Before the test day, take some time to familiarize yourself with the exam format and instructions. This will help you understand the structure of the exam and prevent any surprises or confusion during the test. Key things to keep in mind include:

  • Time limits: Be aware of the time limits for each exam section and plan your time accordingly. Pace yourself to ensure you have enough time for each question.
  • Marking scheme: Understand how questions will be scored and how to properly mark your answers on the answer sheet. This will help you make sure the actual exam is clear.
  • Special instructions: Pay attention to any special instructions provided by the exam proctors, such as rules regarding breaks or how to handle specific question types.

Managing Time Effectively

Time management is crucial during the exam to ensure enough time to answer all the questions. Here are some tips for managing your time effectively:

  • Read and understand the instructions: Take a few moments at the beginning of each section to read and understand the instructions thoroughly. This will help you approach the questions with clarity.
  • Prioritize easier questions: Start with the questions you find easier, as this will help you build confidence and save time for the more challenging ones.
  • Pace yourself: Keep an eye on the time and allocate it wisely for each question. If you’re stuck on a difficult question, move on and return to it later if you have time.

Remember, staying calm and focused on the task can greatly improve your performance during the exam. Use these exam-day instructions to streamline your test-taking process and maximize your chances of success.

Scoring and Results

Once you’ve completed the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam, you will receive a score report providing detailed performance information. In most cases, your score report will be automatically sent to your state education department after your exam. However, if you are taking the test in a state where you are not a resident and would like to send your score to that state’s education department, you must list them as a score recipient.

The passing score of the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam is 155. This score can vary by state so check the ETS website to find the passing score for your state. 

You can dig deeper into Praxis 5362 scores using our scoring guide!


In conclusion, the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam is a comprehensive assessment designed to evaluate aspiring educators’ knowledge and proficiency in various subject areas. By understanding the exam structure, content breakdown, and test preparation tips, you can confidently approach the exam and increase your chances of success.

More Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages Resources!

Start your test prep with our free Praxis 5362 practice test.

Got questions about your Praxis scores? We got you covered in our Praxis 5362 scoring guide!

Looking for some study help? Check out our Praxis 5362 study guide.

Praxis 5362 Frequently Asked Questions

What is the structure of the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam?

The Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam comprises 120 multiple-choice questions. The exam is divided into 6 categories:

  1. Foundations of Linguistics
  2. Foundations of Language Learning
  3. Planning and Implementing Instruction
  4. Assessment and Evaluation
  5. Culture
  6. Professionalism and Advocacy

How long is the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam?

The Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam has a 2 hour time limit.

What is the passing score for the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam?

To pass the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam, you must achieve a score of 155.

Are any study resources available for the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam?

Yes, there are several study resources available for the Praxis (5362) English to Speakers of Other Languages exam. You can access official study guides, practice tests, and review courses from educational websites and institutes.

Can I retake the Praxis 5362 exam?

You can retake the Praxis 5362 exam; however, you must wait 28 days from your previous test date to register.