For this section, you need to understand the relationships between parts of speech, as well as be able to recognize commonly misused words.
Take a look at some things that could come up on the test.
The subject of a sentence is who or what the sentence is about. The verb is the action, or what happens, in the sentence. Subject-verb agreement means if the subject is singular (one) the verb is also singular, and if the subject is plural (more than one) the verb is also plural.
Incorrect Subject-Verb Agreement: The pig walk.
Correct Subject-Verb Agreement: The pig walks.
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. For example, I, we, he, she, it, they, and you are all examples of pronouns. An antecedent is a word that comes before a pronoun in a piece of writing. For pronouns and antecedents to agree, they must match in number.
Incorrect Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: The team worked hard at practice. He won the championship game.
Correct Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: The team worked hard at practice. They won the championship game.
Adverbs describe verbs. They tell when, where, how, or how often an action happens.
Example: The girl slowly placed her crayons in the box.
Slowly is an adverb because it describes the action of how the crayons were placed in the box.
Adjectives describe nouns. They tell color, size, shape, smell, feeling, number, etc. of a person, place, thing, animal, or idea.
Example: The smooth rock skipped across the pond.
Smooth is an adjective because it describes how the rock feels.
Comparatives show differences between nouns.
Example: The racer from North High School ran faster than the racer from East High School.
Faster is a comparative because it shows the difference in the racers’ speeds.
Superlatives are used to describe a noun with the highest or lowest quality in a group of three or more.
Example: Her house is the largest on the block.
Largest is a superlative because the woman’s house is the highest in the quality of size in a group of three or more houses.