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Get prepared for the TExES 4-8 Science (TExES 116)

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TExES 4-8 Science Study Guide

ISBN: 978-1-68317-017-4

Our online, easy-to-use study guide comes with a guarantee of passing and a 48 hour no-questions asked refund policy. Use our study guide risk-free and be confident you have the best material to prepare for your important exam.

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  • 206 Practice Questions
  • 37 Pages of Content
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TExES 4-8 Science Study Guide

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206 Interactive Practice Questions and 37 Pages of Instructional Content!

Inquiry, Process, and Instruction

38 Questions with Explanations
12 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about skills and concepts related to scientific inquiry and process.

Physical Science

55 Questions with Explanations
8 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about scientific skills and concepts related to physical science.

Life Science

66 Questions with Explanations
9 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about scientific skills and concepts related to life science.

Earth and Space Science

47 Questions with Explanations
8 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about scientific skills and process related to earth and space science.

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Your initial assessment will highlight exactly where to study. The next step is to read the study material thoroughly and then work through the interactive practice questions.


After reviewing all the sub-areas you can retake your assessment. This will help you gauge your progress and then show you exactly where to study.


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What’s on the TExES 4-8 Science Exam

Taking the TExES 4-8 Science exam can be a daunting task.  Because its goal is to test your classroom readiness across the spectrum of content, it covers a lot of ground.  This breadth can make it hard to know how to prepare.  Luckily, if you understand how the test is organized and what it is testing, you will have no problem prepping for this test.  In order to cover everything needed to teach science in middle school, the exam is broken down into 23 competencies, which are further explained through descriptive statements.


Now that you have your test date set, you can turn to preparing for the exam itself. To begin, let’s look at the structure of the exam. The TExES 4-8 Science exam consists of 90 questions. The test is administered via computer. Because of this, there can be a variety in the style of questions that are asked. You should expect to see three main types of questions: single-answer, stimulus-based, and cluster. You should expect most questions to require you to simply click an oval next to the correct answer. However, there may be questions that utilize the technology more. They may ask you to zoom in on details in a graphic or picture, click boxes next to all that apply, click on check boxes, click on parts of a graphic or sentence, use a drag and drop feature, or select your answer from a drop-down menu.


You will have 5 hours to complete the 90 questions on the Science subtest.



5 hours

NOTE: There are no scheduled breaks with this test.

You Need to Pay for the Exam.


ETS accepts all major credit cards for payment

Subject Areas and Competencies

Inquiry, Process, and Instruction

Competency 001: The teacher understands how to manage learning activities to ensure the safety of all students.

Competency 002: The teacher understands the correct use of tools, materials, equipment and technologies.

Competency 003: The teacher understands the process of scientific inquiry and the history and nature of science.

Competency 004: The teacher understands how science impacts the daily lives of students and interacts with and influences personal and societal decisions.

Competency 005: The teacher knows and understands the unifying concepts and processes that are common to all sciences.

Competency 021: The teacher has theoretical and practical knowledge about teaching science and about how students learn science.

Competency 022: The teacher understands the process of scientific inquiry and its role in science instruction.

Competency 023: The teacher knows the varied and appropriate assessments and assessment practices to monitor science learning in laboratory, field and classroom settings.

Physical Science

Competency 006: The teacher understands forces and motion and their relationships.

Competency 007: The teacher understands physical properties of and changes in matter.

Competency 008: The teacher understands chemical properties of and changes in matter.

Competency 009: The teacher understands energy and interactions between matter and energy.

Competency 010: The teacher understands energy transformations and the conservation of matter and energy.

Life Science

Competency 011: The teacher understands the structure and function of living things.

Competency 012: The teacher understands reproduction and the mechanisms of heredity.

Competency 013: The teacher understands adaptations of organisms and the theory of evolution.

Competency 014: The teacher understands regulatory mechanisms and behavior.

Competency 015: The teacher understands the relationships between organisms and the environment.

Earth and Space Science

Competency 016: The teacher understands the structure and function of Earth systems.

Competency 017: The teacher understands cycles in Earth systems.

Competency 018: The teacher understands the role of energy in weather and climate.

Competency 019: The teacher understands the characteristics of the solar system and the universe.

Competency 020: The teacher understands the history of the Earth system.

 Passing Score

Your score will be based on the number of questions you answer correctly.  Your correct number of answers will be converted to a number between 100 and 300.  In order to pass, you must receive at least 240.


The first step in getting yourself ready for this exam is to complete the registration.  The TExES 4-8 Science is offered continuously which means you can take it whenever it is convenient for you.  However, because of that, it is important to register as soon as possible to make sure you get the date and location you want.  It is also a good idea to register early, so that you leave enough time for yourself to prepare

Step 1: Make Sure You Can Test

The absolute first thing to do is to check that you are an approved tester.  Enrollees in educator preparation programs are given approval by their programs.  Out-of-state credentialed teachers must apply for approval by submitting their existing credentials for review with the Texas Education Agency (TEA).  If you are in a different category than either of these (e.g. a charter school teacher, someone trying to qualify for an educator preparation program through your test scores), see the Registration Bulletin for more specific information about how you get approved.

Step 2: Get Organized

Registration will go much more smoothly if you have all of the information you need at hand.  This includes:

  • An ID that has your full and official name on it (this is especially important if you have a last name with multiple parts)—plan to use the one you will take with you on test day
  • Current home address
  • Current phone number
  • Current email address
  • A credit or debit card: MasterCard, Visa, American Express or Discover

Step 3: Create Your TEA Account

NOTE: If you are already a credentialed teacher in the state of Texas, a charter school teacher, or someone looking to use this test to help you get into an educator preparation program, skip this step, and go to step 4.

  • Go to the Texas Education Agency (TEA) website.
  • You need to log into Texas Education Agency Login (TEAL); you will see a link on the blue bar at the very top of the screen.
  • Since this is your first time, you will need to select “Request New User Account” (If you already have one, then just enter your info.)
  • At this point, the system will give you instructions for creating your account. You will need the ID you prepared. It is of utmost importance that your ENTIRE last name (including spaces, hyphens and all parts) is used to create your account.
  • Once you are done, look over everything to make sure your information is accurate. You should also write down your TEA ID number as you will use it as your ID throughout the rest of the registration process. If you want to be really safe, print out your entire Educator Profile so you have a hard copy to refer to along the way.

Step 4: Create Your Educational Testing Service (ETS) Account

Now that you are officially in Texas’ education system, it is time to register for the actual test.

  • Navigate to the ETS TExES page.
  • Find “Your Account” on the homepage.
  • Once again, you will follow the directions to create your account. You will need the same information you collected in Step 2. Make sure you are again completely accurate and consistent with what you enter into TEA. This allows your TEA information to automatically transfer over.
  • ETS will then email you your username. Write this down (probably on the same page as your TEA ID). Once you have this, go back to the TExES home page and click again on “Your Account”, and then “Existing User”, and enter your username.
  • You will then have to click “Forgot Password” (even though you haven’t made one yet). This will get a temporary password sent to you via email. Once you have that, you can go back one last time, log in and change your password to whatever you want it to be (you will be prompted to change it when you log in with the temporary password).
  • Once you are fully logged in, you will see instructions to register for this test, including selecting the test location and date. The TExES Core Subjects EC-6 exam is a continuous Computer Administered Test (CAT), which means it is always available and at a wide range of ETS locations within Texas, throughout the United States, and even in Mexico. You may select whichever location is best for you.

Step 5: Admission Ticket

You will know you are done when you receive your “Admission Ticket”. You will need this to get into the exam and you must bring a hard copy. They will not accept electronic copies of this, so your final step is to print this out. It will also list the location and time of your exam.

To get your “Admission Ticket,” log in to TExES and select “Print Admission Ticket”.

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