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Everything You Need To Know About Praxis® Scores

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Praxis® by the Educational Testing Service (ETS) is a widely used exam series that tests preliminary knowledge for teacher certification programs. Both the Core skills exams and subject assessments are used by state boards and education agencies to determine readiness in specific areas. One of the easiest ways to increase your confidence and preparation for an upcoming exam is to understand how Praxis® is scored. In this article we will discuss what score you need to pass a Praxis® test, how long it takes to get scores, and how to interpret your score report.

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How are the Praxis® exams scored?

Praxis® exams receive a score between 100 and 200 points. Tests may contain selected-response (SR) questions, constructed-response questions (CRQs), or a mix. SR questions are scored automatically, and CRQs are scored independently by at least two people with expertise in education and the content area. There is no penalty for incorrect answers, so it is better to make an educated guess than to leave a question blank.

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The three numeric scores to note are the raw score, the unofficial score, and the official score. For SR-only exams, the raw score is the number of questions answered correctly. In mixed exams, the raw score is the sum of the SR score and the CRQ rating. In some subjects, the CRQ ratings are weighted depending on difficulty, and the raw score for SR and CRQ components may be scaled. Scaling makes sure that differences in test forms do not affect the final score.

The unofficial score is the ratio of correct answers to questions, adjusted to the grading scale. The official score, released in the score report, is calculated the same way as the unofficial score, but may be scaled for differences between test forms. The official score may also differ from the unofficial score if a test center error or miscalculation was fixed, but this is very rare. Note that official Praxis® scores are scaled only between different forms of the same test, and not between different subjects.

How long does it take to get Praxis® scores?

For the Praxis® Core exam, unofficial scores for SR-only tests Reading and Math are calculated immediately after the exam. You may also receive a raw score at this time. If you wish to cancel your scores, you must do so before viewing any unofficial or official score reports.

After a score is reported at the testing center, you will receive an official score report within three weeks. Score reports will appear automatically in your online account and be sent to your predetermined score recipients. Specific reporting dates for each test window can be found on the ETS website. Continuously given SR-only tests generally release official scores within one week.

What score do you need to pass the Praxis® test?

ETS does not have a standard passing score for Praxis® exams, and different states/agencies vary in their passing requirements. A summary of passing scores from different states/agencies (2018) is provided below. For complete information on your specific test and region visit the state requirements page at the ETS website.

Core Academic Skills for Educators

Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT)

Elementary Education

Middle School

Subject Assessments

How long do you have to wait before you can retake a Praxis® exam?

There is a 21-day waiting period before you can retake a Praxis® exam. This period also applies to retaking an exam subtest and retakes after canceling the scores from a previous test date.

How do you interpret a Praxis® score report?

Praxis® score reports provide a numeric score and passing status, the score range, raw points from each category, the average performance range, and your high scores for previous tests. You can use the ratio of “raw points earned” to “raw points available” in different categories to evaluate your strengths and weaknesses for different content areas.

Your scaled score is compared to the qualifying score for your state agency, and PASSED or NOT PASSED is clearly indicated on the score report. Be aware that the official scores account for partial credit from questions with multiple correct answer choices. In contrast, the raw score gives each correctly answered question one point, regardless of the number of correct answer choices. Examples of sample score reports are available on the ETS website.

How hard is it to pass a Praxis® exam?

Because test forms and subject assessments vary in the number of total questions, it is impossible to know how many questions you need to answer correctly to pass. The score performance range gives an indication of the score range for the middle 50% of test takers. Most tests have an average score performance between 160 and 180.

The best preparation for Praxis® exams involves making a study plan and sticking to it. An effective study plan should include learning about the test, collecting study materials, managing your time, and understanding scoring. is a comprehensive resource for Praxis® study materials. Test information, engaging study guides, and practice questions are all conveniently in one place to help you prepare for test day.

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Aubrey Trapp

Aubrey is a graduate student studying chemical contaminants in marine food webs. She is interested in all things science-y and aims to improve scientific communication by making concepts accessible and fun for interdisciplinary audiences. Aubrey loves to swim, and she once visited all 34 public pools in her Texas hometown in one day.