This section tests your ability to edit and revise sentences through strengthening ideas, improving parallel structure, cutting out extra information, adding precise language, and eliminating wordiness, redundancy, shifts in point of view, and misplaced modifiers.
Here are some concepts that you may see on the test.
Misplaced or Dangling Modifiers
A misplaced modifier is usually an adjective, adverb, or phrase that is in the wrong place in the sentence. When read aloud, the sentence may sound funny, because the modifier is not near the word it modifies. Here is an example:
In this sentence, the phrase with the pink purse is misplaced. The young girl is the owner of the pink purse, but the arrangement of this sentence leads you to believe it is the brother who has the pink purse. Let’s fix this sentence:
The young girl, with the pink purse, met her brother.
Now it is clear who the pink purse belongs to.
A dangling modifier is a phrase or word that has been added to a sentence, but it stands out because it either doesn’t belong there or there is not enough information to understand why that information is there. Unlike a misplaced modifier, a dangling modifier cannot simply be moved to correct the problem. It usually has to be reworded or eliminated.
Very simply, parallel structure means that you use the same grammatical form within a sentence.
Let’s look at an example of a sentence without parallel structure:
Caroline enjoys dancing, the playground, and to take long walks.
Now, look at the same sentence but with parallel structure:
Caroline enjoys dancing, going to the playground, and taking long walks.
See how all the verbs end in –ing? That’s parallelism!
Again, these are simple sentences. Expect to see more detailed, complex sentences on the exam.