This section tests your knowledge of core concepts, such as motor skills, kinesiology, anatomy, and physiology. You will also need to know about a variety of activities and games appropriate for grade K-12 and how to use equipment properly.
Let’s talk about some concepts that you will more than likely see on the test.
Gross Motor Development
Gross motor skills involve large muscle groups that we use daily. These skills involve the coordination of muscles and the neurological system. Although most of these skills come automatically, they are very complex. Children hit gross motor milestones as they develop. For example, a three or four-year-old typically can jump and land on two feet, while a seven or eight year old has enough balance to ride a bike with no training wheels. These milestones are hit in sequence. There are many examples of “typical” milestones for different age groups. Check out this chart to see a complete list of milestones: https://www.chrichmond.org/Resource-Library/Gross-Motor-Skills-Birth-to-5-years.htm
The six components of skill-related fitness are agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction time, and speed.
Agility is the ability of the body to change direction quickly while keeping control. Examples of activities that require agility include:
Balance is the ability of the body to maintain an upright posture when still or in motion. Examples of activities that require balance include:
Coordination is the ability of the body to use hand and foot movements with the input of our senses. Examples of activities that require coordination include:
Power is the ability of the body to perform strength work at an explosive speed. Examples of activities that require power include:
- Olympic Lifts
- Track and Field
Reaction Time is the amount of time it takes for the body to react to a stimulus, such as a starting gun or movement of an opponent. Examples of activities that require reaction time include:
- Racquet Sports
- Martial Arts
Speed is the ability of the body to move quickly from one point to another. Examples of activities that require speed include:
- Speed Skating