This section tests your knowledge of language use.
Let’s talk about some concepts that you will likely see on the test.
The verb tense tells you when a person did something or when something has happened. The three main tenses are the past, present, and future. Gerunds are words formed using verbs but act like a noun. They can be hard to identify, but they are always verbs that end in -ing.
- Examples of Verbs (past, present, future)
- walked, walk, will walk (most verbs)
- brought, bring, will bring (irregular verbs)
- hit, hit, will hit (verbs that stay the same)
- Examples of Gerunds
- Reading is relaxing.
- I enjoy shopping with friends.
- Her occupation is writing.
Declarative Sentence: this is the most common type of sentence. It is used to make a statement.
- Examples: I love this movie. I have to go to work on Monday. The cereal is in the cupboard.
Interrogative Sentence: this type of sentence asks a question.
- Examples: Where are we watching the movie? When do you go back to work? Would you like some cereal?
Exclamatory Sentence: this is similar to a declarative sentence as it makes a statement, but it conveys emotion or excitement. It ends in an exclamation mark.
- Examples: This is the best movie ever! I can’t wait to go back to work! You have Lucky Charms!
Imperative Sentence: this type of sentence gives a command or order.
- Examples: Play that movie. Give me the date again. Show me the options.
Simple Sentence: has the most basic sentence elements–a subject, verb, and a complete thought. A simple sentence has one independent clause that can stand alone as a complete sentence.
- Examples: Joe waited for the train. Mary and Samantha took the bus.
Compound Sentence: has two independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction. If no coordinating conjunction is used to link two independent clauses, it is referred to as a comma splice (an error). (FANBOYS- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
- Examples: Joe waited for the train, but the train was late. Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived, so I did not see them at the bus station.
- Comma Splice: It is nearly half-past five, we will miss the train.
Complex Sentence: has one independent clause and one dependent clause. A dependent clause is similar to an independent clause, but it lacks the elements to make a complete sentence. The dependent clause begins with a subordinating conjunction.
- Examples: While we waited at the train station, Joe realized that the train was late. Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.