This competency includes about 16 multiple-choice questions which make up about 13% of the entire exam.
This section tests your knowledge of physical education instructional strategies, including those that address diverse needs and enhance student learning.
Let’s talk about some concepts that you will likely see on the test.
Attribution Motivational Theory
The attribution theory is a concept in sports psychology that helps coaches (and PE teachers) understand what athletes attribute their failures and successes to. The mindset of the athlete has a direct impact on growth and motivation. For example, a professional athlete might attribute his win in a big game to his determination, work ethic, and perseverance. However, an amateur player who is very out of shape might consider any success they had as luck. When PE teachers understand where student-athletes attribute their success or failure, it is much easier to guide them to success. Student-athletes will believe that their success or failure is due to either internal factors that are within their control or external factors that are outside of their control.
It is important that teachers and coaches continually motivate and encourage students with expressions such as, “You worked really hard in PE class today” or, “You are doing a great job working through your frustrations.” Those types of statements help students understand they reached their goals not because of luck, but because they are working hard. The two main things to remember as a PE teacher are to:
- Make students feel successful
- Help students take ownership of their successes
Station teaching is a great way to teach and use multiple exercises or activities while all students are engaged in learning. Station teaching is used as an alternative to whole-group instruction. Most teachers create a minimum of three stations in the gym with a different activity at each station and then divide students equally among the stations. Each group is given an equal amount of time at each station. Once their time is up, the groups rotate to the next station. Station teaching can enhance student learning by:
- Keeping students actively engaged
- Targeting multiple muscle groups
- Continually offering various activities
- Creating smaller and more manageable groups