Let’s talk about some concepts from this competency.
Positive Transfer of Learning
Positive transfer of learning simply means that the skill you learned in one activity positively affects your ability to master a new activity. When applied to motor learning, this means that a PE teacher could begin teaching specific motor skills in pre-k or kindergarten, and then look for students to apply those skills to more advanced activities in later grades.
It is important for teachers/coaches to help students understand the relationship between motor skills and how to transfer them across activities. For example, a PE teacher might teach the overhand serve for tennis, and then when teaching how to overhand serve in volleyball, make a connection between the similar motor skills. Another example would be if someone already knew how to rollerblade, they could transfer the motor skill required for that to ice skating. It is not an identical skill; however, the skill required for rollerblading is similar to that of ice skating.
Visual and Kinesthetic Discrimination
Perceptual-motor skills allow sensory (visual and kinesthetic) information to be obtained and understood allowing for the appropriate action.
Kinesthetic discrimination is the ability to recognize small changes that involve muscle feelings and motions. Visual discrimination helps a child notice small differences between objects. Students need to be able to do both to develop strong perceptual-motor skills and use their brain and body together to accomplish different tasks. For example, requiring a student to walk on a straight line or balance beam while saying the alphabet would help students to practice thinking and moving at the same time. A student is required to do many things that require their muscles and mind to work together. Communication skills such as reading, speaking, and writing are motor-based abilities. To write, a child must know the alphabet, know how to combine letters of the alphabet to create sounds, and be able to utilize motor skills to grip and use a pencil. The whole body needs to work together for a student to be a successful writer.