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Get prepared for the Middle School: Science (5440) Exam

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Middle School: Science Study Guide

ISBN Number: 978-1-68317-132-4

Our online, easy-to-use study guide comes with a guarantee of passing and a 48 hour no-questions asked refund policy. Use our study guide risk-free and be confident you have the best material to prepare for your important exam.

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  • 206 Practice Questions
  • 37 Pages of Content
  • Self-pace Studying
  • Immediate Access
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206 Interactive Practice Questions and 37 Pages of Instructional Content!

Scientific Principles and Methods

38 Questions with Explanations
12 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about skills and concepts related to scientific principles and methods.

Physical Science

55 Questions with Explanations
8 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about scientific skills and concepts related to physical science.

Life Science

66 Questions with Explanations
9 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about scientific skills and concepts related to life science.

Earth and Space Science

47 Questions with Explanations
8 Pages of Instructional Content

Learn about scientific skills and process related to earth and space science.

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Enrollment takes less than 5 minutes and you have immediate access to your study guide. The first step is to enroll and take your initial assessment so that you know exactly where to study.


Your initial assessment will highlight exactly where to study. The next step is to read the study material thoroughly and then work through the interactive practice questions.


After reviewing all the sub-areas you can retake your assessment. This will help you gauge your progress and then show you exactly where to study.

 Take a Middle School: Science Practice Test!

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What’s on the Middle School: Science Exam

The Middle School Science test is designed to measure the knowledge and competencies necessary for a beginning teacher of middle school science. Examinees have typically completed or nearly completed a bachelor’s degree program with appropriate coursework in science and education. The 125 selected-response questions include concepts, terms, phenomena, methods, applications, data analysis, and problem solving in science, and include an understanding of the impact of science and technology on the environment and human affairs. This also includes the ability to integrate basic topics from chemistry, physics, life science, and Earth and space science, which are typically covered in introductory college-level courses in these disciplines, although some questions of a more advanced nature are included, because secondary school teachers must understand the subject matter from a more advanced viewpoint than that presented to their students.

Taking the PRAXIS Middle School: Science exam can be a daunting task.  Because its goal is to test your classroom readiness across the spectrum of content, it covers a lot of ground.  This breadth can make it hard to know how to prepare.  Luckily, if you understand how the test is organized and what it is testing, you will have no problem prepping for this test.  In order to cover everything needed to teach middle school science, the exam is broken into 6 categories.


Now that you have your test date set, you can turn to preparing for the exam itself. To begin, let’s look at the structure of the exam. The PRAXIS Middle School: Science exam in its entirety consists of 125 selected-response questions.  The test is administered via computer. Because of this, there can be a variety in the style of questions that are asked.  You should expect most questions to require you simply to click an oval next to the correct answer. However, there may be questions that utilize the technology more. They may ask you to zoom in on details in a graphic or picture, click boxes next to all that apply, click on check boxes, click on parts of a graphic or sentence, use a drag and drop feature, or select your answer from a drop-down menu.

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You will have 2 hours and 30 minutes to complete the 125 questions.



2 hours and 30 minutes

 Exam Categories

Scientific Inquiry, Methodology, Techniques, and History

-Understands methods of scientific inquiry and how they are used in basic problem solving

-Understands the processes involved in scientific data collection and manipulation

-Knows how to interpret and draw conclusions from data presented in tables, graphs, and charts

-Is familiar with the procedures for safe and correct preparation, storage, use, and disposal of laboratory materials

-Understands safety and emergency procedures in the laboratory

-Is familiar with how to use standard equipment in the laboratory

-Is familiar with the historical developments of science and the contributions of major historical figures

Basic Principles of Matter and Energy

-Is familiar with the structure and properties of matter

-Knows the basic relationships between energy and matter

-Knows the basic structure of the atom

Physical Sciences



Life Sciences

-Understands basic structure and function of cells and their organelles

-Understands basic cell reproduction

-Is familiar with the basic biochemistry of life

-Understands basic genetics

-Understands the theory and key mechanisms of evolution

-Knows the elements of the hierarchical classification scheme and the characteristics of the major groups of organisms

-Knows the major structures and functions of plant organs and systems

-Knows the basic anatomy and physiology of animals, including structure and function of human body systems and the major differences between humans and other animals

-Knows key aspects of ecology

Earth and Space Sciences

-Is familiar with physical geology

-Is familiar with Historical Geology

-Is familiar with the structure and processes of Earth’s oceans and other bodies of water

-Knows basic meteorology and major factors that affect climate and seasons

-Is familiar with astronomy

Science, Technology, and Society

-Understands the impact of science and technology on the environment and society

-Knows major issues associated with energy production and the management of natural resources

-Is familiar with applications of science and technology in daily life

-Is familiar with the impact of science on public-health issues

Passing Scoring

Your score will be based on the number of questions you answer correctly. The passing score varies depending on the state you are testing for. See Registration and Testing section below for detailed information.

Registration and Testing

The first step in getting yourself ready for this exam is to complete the registration.  Some PRAXIS tests are offered continuously while others are offered during testing windows that occur several times a year. However, because of that, it is important to register as soon as possible to make sure you get the date and location you want.  It is also a good idea to register early, so that you leave enough time for yourself to prepare.

Step 1: Make Sure You Can Test

Check your state testing requirements to see which test(s) are required for licensure in your state.

Step 2: Register

Before you register:

Step 3: Test Day Arrival and What to Bring

Before you even arrive at the test center, there are a number of important things you should do:

  • Verify your test location — Test locations sometimes change. Be sure to confirm your location before test day by logging into your MyPraxis® account.
  • Print your admission ticket — Log in to your My Praxis account, print a copy of your admission ticket and bring it with you to the test center.
  • Assemble your identification (ID) documents — See ID requirements to be sure your documents will be accepted. You will not be admitted to the test without the correct documents.
  • Review the list of important items to bring to your test center.
  • Dress appropriately — Testing room conditions vary. Dress in layers to ensure you are ready for any room temperature.
  • Review test center procedures and regulations
  • Make sure to arrive on time — Please plan to arrive at the test center at least 30 minutes prior to your scheduled appointment to allow time for check-in.
  • Plan to be at the test center for longer than the test duration — Your test appointment includes 30 extra minutes prior to beginning the test to complete tutorials that will help familiarize you with the testing process.

Step 4: Taking the Test

By now, you should be familiar with what to expect on the exam. All that is left to do is complete it, but that may not be as simple as it sounds once the test is in front of you.

If you feel anxious, remember 7 Reasons People Fail Their Certification Exam. If you have prepared using these tips and 240Tutoring’s study guide, you will have:

  • Learned the content
  • Reviewed testing strategies
  • Learned how to break down questions and answer choices
  • Learned how to write a constructed response
  • Developed strategies for reducing test anxiety

Throughout the test, remember what you have learned, maintain a steady pace, and keep calm!

Step 5: Test Scores

Some, but not all, Praxis® tests offer you an opportunity to view unofficial scores at the end of your testing session. If an unofficial score is not provided for your test, it means that further analysis must be conducted before scoring can be completed. This does not indicate a problem with the administration of your test and will not result in a delay in reporting your official score. Test centers cannot provide printed copies of score reports.

At the end of the test session, but before reviewing the unofficial score information, the computer gives you the option to report or cancel your score. Once you have chosen to report the score, it cannot be canceled. If you cancel your score, it will not be reported and it cannot be reinstated on your record. You also will not receive a refund if you choose to cancel your score.

Official Score Reports

For tests that are offered continuously, official scores are available online 10–16 business days after your test date. For tests that are offered during testing windows, scores are available online 10–16 business days after the testing window closes, regardless of the specific date on which you tested within that window. For more information on score reporting dates and accessing scores, see Getting Your Praxis Scores.

Sending Your Scores

You received your score report. What does it all mean? For more detailed information, read Understanding Your Scores.

State Testing Requirements

Each state and licensing organization determines its own certification andPraxis passing score requirements. For more information about certification requirements, visit the state requirements section.

Retake Policy

If you feel you did not perform to your potential, you may retake a Praxistest once every 21 days, not including your initial test date. (Note: If you take a combined test, such as the Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects Test or the PA Grades 4–8 Core Assessment, you cannot retake a subtest until after the 21-day period.)

This applies even if you canceled your scores on a test taken previously. If you violate this restriction, the scores from your retest will not be reported and your test fees will not be refunded.

 Who Wants Free Study Materials?

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