This objective tests your knowledge of the important people, historical figures, and events that are considered significant to the United States and to Georgia. Students should understand why historically significant people and events are important.
Let’s look at some concepts that are likely to appear on the real test.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act was passed on March 22, 1765, when America was still a British colony. The British Parliament required American colonists to pay a tax on all printed paper. As a result, American colonists paid taxes on licenses, newspapers, and even playing cards. The money collected by the Stamp Act was to be used to help pay the costs of defending and protecting the American frontier near the Appalachian Mountains (10,000 troops were to be stationed on the American frontier for this purpose).
Previously, taxes were placed on colony members as a way to regulate commerce, not as a way to raise money. The Stamp Act was created for the purpose of raising money to defend the American frontier.
The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first democratically-elected legislative entity in the American colonies. In 1765, the Virginia House of Burgesses adopted Patrick Henry’s Stamp Act Resolves. The Stamp Act Resolves declared that American colonists had the same rights as British people and that anyone taxing Virginians against their consent was an enemy of the colony. Virginia Governor Fauquier did not approve of the Resolves, and he dissolved the House of Burgesses in response.
However, after months of protest and an appeal by Benjamin Franklin, the Stamp Act was repealed in 1766.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. He is an important American figure because of his relentless activism during the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Dr. King led non-violent protests to fight for all Americans, including African Americans. He was considered one of the best orators of modern times, and he is best known for his “I Have a Dream” speech, which he gave in 1963 during the “March on Washington.”
The “March on Washington” was extremely successful. The Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964, a year after the march.
Dr. King died as a hate crime victim in 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee. While he stood on a hotel room balcony, he was shot and killed by James Earl Ray. King’s death is considered a terrible American tragedy and his life is celebrated on the 3rd Monday each January.
James Oglethorpe was born December 22, 1696, in Surrey, England. He is most known for founding the colony of Georgia. Oglethorpe was originally a soldier in the British army. After deciding to end his military career, he followed his father and became a member of Parliament.
In the early 1700s, England had problems with unemployment and poverty. Oglethorpe, however, proposed a solution to King George II. Oglethorpe suggested that a new British colony be established between South Carolina and Florida. This new colony would consist of unemployed and low-income British citizens.
In 1732, his idea was approved. The new colony was named Georgia after King George II. In 1733, Oglethorpe and the first settlers established the city of Savannah. Savannah became the capital of Georgia. Oglethorpe led the Trustees of Georgia and is generally considered to be Georgia’s first governor.
During the next few years, the British colony of Georgia faced attacks from the Spanish colony of Florida. In 1740, Georgia invaded Florida and attempted to capture the city of St. Augustine but was unsuccessful. In 1742, Oglethorpe defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Bloody Marsh.
Oglethorpe returned to England in 1743 when Parliament paid him back for the personal money he had used to help establish Georgia. James Oglethorpe died on June 30, 1785, in Cranham, England.