Competency 1 accounts for about 6% of the entire exam.
This competency tests your knowledge of the theories, principles, programs, and legislation associated with health education.
Let’s look at some concepts from this competency.
Social learning theory, sometimes known as social cognitive theory, was created by Albert Bandura. This theory states that people learn from each other using observation, imitation, and modeling. It includes four major components: self-observation, self-evaluation, self-reaction, and self-efficacy.
Transtheoretical theory, also known as “stages of change,” proposes that individuals move through five stages when working to stop an unhealthy behavior or make a healthy behavior change. The five stages are precontemplative, contemplative, preparation, action, and maintenance.
The health belief model is a commonly used behavior model that uses six components to predict health behavior. The six components are risk susceptibility, risk severity, benefits and action, barriers to action, self-efficacy, and cues to action.
Coordinated school health (CHS) programs are designed to increase students’ health and academic achievements in school through a support network of families, communities, and the school working together to meet the needs of students. Coordinated school health programs focus on eight components: safe and healthy school environment, health education, physical education, nutrition, health services, staff health promotion, psychological and counseling services, and family and community involvement.
The Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model aims to enhance children’s development by increasing cooperation between schools and health sectors. There are ten components of the WSCC model: physical education and activity, nutrition environment and services, health education, social and emotional school climate, physical environment, health services, counseling, psychological, and social services, employee wellness, community involvement, and family engagement.
Effective Health Education Programs
Health education programs aim to provide students with the knowledge and skills to make suitable health choices. Effective programs utilize numerous resources and involve school staff members, administrators, parents, health care professionals, and community members in the planning, creation, and support of the program and student growth.