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FTCE English 6-12 Ultimate Guide2021-08-06T00:59:39+00:00

FTCE English 6-12: Ultimate Guide and Practice Test

Preparing to take the FTCE English 6-12?


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FTCE English 6-12

FTCE English 6-12 Quick Facts

The FTCE examinations measure your ability to demonstrate the mastery level of the knowledge and skills needed to be an effective beginning educator or educational leader pursuant to Chapter 1012 , Florida Statutes. This subject area exam tests your readiness to teach English in grades 6-12.

Two sections make up the English 6–12 subject area examination. There is an 80 question multiple-choice section and a written performance section that is comprised of 1 essay.


First Attempt: $150 (full battery)


$75 (single section)

$150 (both sections)


Multiple-Choice Section: A scaled score of at least 200 is required to pass.

Written Performance Section: At least 8 out of 12 points are required to pass.

You must pass both sections in order to pass this examination.

Pass rate:

In 2018, 1,423 tests were administered to first-time test takers. The passing rates are shown below:

Multiple-Choice Section 64%

Written Performance Section 70%

Study time:

In order to feel prepared for the test, plan to spend several weeks studying. It is helpful to create a schedule for yourself ahead of time by breaking down the test topics into different weeks. This way, you will know you have enough time to study each topic covered on the test.

What test takers wish they would’ve known:

  • Keep an eye on the time to make sure you are able to complete the test in the 2.5-hour time frame.
  • Any breaks taken are considered part of the 2.5 hour testing time.
  • It is better to guess on a question you don’t know the answer to than to leave it unanswered.

Information and screenshots obtained from:

Exam Content


The exam has five competencies in the multiple-choice section, and one competency that requires a written response:

  • English Language (23%)
  • Writing Skills (21%)
  • Literacy Processes (21%)
  • Fiction, Non-Fiction, and Informational Texts (23%)
  • Response to Media (12%)
  • Literary Analysis (Written Response)

So, let’s talk about English Language first.

English Language

This competency includes about 18 multiple-choice questions which make up about 23% of the entire exam.

This section tests your knowledge of the effective use of the English language.

Let’s talk about some concepts that you will more than likely see on the test.

Connotation and Denotation of Key Words

Connotation is the feeling a word implies or creates. Denotation is the dictionary definition of a word. See the examples below:

  • Chick – We all know that a chick is a baby bird. But these days, it is considered to be a derogatory term for women. While it’s still a term associated with females, in no way does it uphold the characteristics of a respected lady.
  • Rock – If you take it literally, then it could generally mean a stone composed of some type of minerals. But apart from that, a rock could also refer to an individual who offers you security and stability.

Structure and Meaning of Words

Prefixes and suffixes can be added to a base or root word to change the meaning. Prefixes are added to the beginning of a base word, and suffixes are added to the end.

Here is a word with a prefix and a suffix added to the root word:

non + conform + ist

not    go along   one who does something

A nonconformist is someone who does not go along with others.

Figurative Language

Figurative language makes writing more interesting. Figurative language, such as idioms, metaphors, similes, hyperboles, and personification, help authors create impact and meaning in their writing by going beyond the literal meaning of words on a page.

Here are some examples of figurative language:

And that’s some basic info about English Language.

Writing Skills

This competency includes about 17 multiple-choice questions which make up about 21% of the entire exam.

This section tests your knowledge of effective writing skills.

Let’s talk about some concepts that you will plausibly see on the test.

Forms of Writing

Expository WritingThis type of writing presents reasons, explanations, or steps in a process. Typical characteristics include:

  • Organization
  • Topic sentence, thesis statement, and subtopics
  • Transitions
  • Evidence and examples
  • Conclusion

Narrative WritingThis type of writing tells a story that includes a beginning, middle, and end. Typical characteristics include:

  • Problem and solution
  • Characters and setting
  • Rising action and climax
  • Plot
  • Dialogue

Persuasive Writing– This type of writing presents the development of a logical argument. Typical characteristics include:

  • Clear, concise, and defined thesis
  • Strong introduction
  • The well-developed argument with strong support
  • Organized structure
  • Conclusion

Argumentative Writing– This type of writing takes a position on an issue or topic. It explains and supports the position with research. Typical characteristics include:

  • A clear, firm, and debatable thesis
  • Background information on the topic
  • Organization and transitions
  • Effective and thorough research
  • Incorporation of logos, pathos, and ethos

Writing Process

The writing process is a series of steps followed in order to produce a coherent piece of writing. Steps include:

  • Prewriting– This is the first stage of the writing process. It consists of a combination of brainstorming and outlining.
  • Drafting– This is where the author writes an initial draft.
  • Revising– This is where the author reviews, alters and amends their initial draft.
  • Editing– This is where the author reads each sentence carefully to make sure that his or her words are serving the correct purpose.  
  • Proofreading– This is where the author checks for and corrects spelling, grammatical, and punctuation errors.
  • Publishing– This is the final step of the writing process. It is the presentation of the author’s final draft of writing.  

Literary Processes

This competency includes about 17 multiple-choice questions which make up about 21% of the entire exam

This section tests your knowledge of literacy processes across genres.

Let’s talk about some concepts that you will likely see on the test.

Text Complexity

Research shows that while the level of reading in college and careers has increased, the complexity of texts read in grades K-12 has decreased. This causes a gap for graduating high school students. It is important to have a measurable method for making sure students read on grade level.

To determine the complexity of the text, three factors are considered:

  • Qualitative evaluation of the text: Levels of meaning, structure, language conventionality and clarity, and knowledge demands
  • Quantitative evaluation of the text: Readability measures and other scores of text complexity
  • Matching reader to text and task: Reader variables (such as motivation, knowledge, and experiences) and task variables (such as purpose and the complexity generated by the task assigned and the questions posed)

Text Analysis

Teaching the following strategies may help students to analyze a text:

Text Structure

Text structures refer to how the information in a text is organized. Informational text is typically organized into one of six structures:

  • Cause and Effect- an action or event causes another action or event
  • Chronological- written in order of time/date
  • Problem and Solution- a problem is presented, and then a solution is found
  • Spatial- how a certain space is arranged
  • Compare and Contrast- describes similarities and differences
  • Descriptive- describes how something looks

Fiction, Non-Fiction, and Informational Texts

This competency includes about 18 multiple-choice questions which make up about 23% of the entire exam.

This section tests your knowledge of fiction, non-fiction, and informational texts.

Let’s look at some concepts that are likely to pop up on the test.


The word genre means “artistic category or style.” A literary genre is a style of writing. Your favorite literary genre might be science fiction, for example. Three additional genres include:

  • Drama– stories with characters that have dialog and action, typically written with the purpose of being acted out on a stage
  • Biography– non-fiction text about a person’s life
  • Speeches- oral communication typically presented to an audience about a topic of interest

Critical Approaches

A critical approach focuses on the reader (or audience) and his or her experience of a literary work, as opposed to the author or the content and form of the work.

Examples of Critical Approaches:

  • Gender– examines the role and image of men and women in literature
  • Sociological– examines the cultural, economic, and political context in literature
  • Anthropological– examines humanist and social science strategies in the literature
  • Psychological– examines the effect that modern psychology has on literature
  • Historical– examines a literary work by investigating the social, cultural, and intellectual context

Response to Media

This competency includes about 10 multiple-choice questions which make up about 12% of the entire exam.

This section tests your knowledge of critical responses to media.

Here is a concept that is likely to be part of the test:

Analyzing Media

Students should be taught to analyze media, evaluating meaning, intent, effect, and technique.

Key questions to ask when analyzing media messages include:

  • Evaluating meaning: What is this about? What has been left out? How might people interpret this message differently?
  • Intent: Who made this message? Who paid for this message?
  • Effect: Who might benefit or be harmed by this message? How might people respond?
  • Technique: What techniques were used? Why were they used? How do they communicate the message?

Literary Analysis

This competency accounts for 100% of the written performance section of the exam.

This section tests your ability to demonstrate how to respond critically via literary analysis.

Let’s talk about how to write a literary analysis.

The writer must first develop a clear and coherent thesis statement. The thesis statement is found in the introductory paragraph and offers the main point in one sentence. Once this has been stated, a writer must proceed with ample evidence and relevant details to support the thesis. This includes using the research process, paraphrasing information from sources, and citing all sources that provide relevant information to the writer’s main argument. The writer must use postsecondary level English through varied word choice, semantics, and language conventions. The literary analysis should be written in a style that increases the reader’s interest and understanding of the topic.

And that’s some basic info about the FTCE English 6-12 exam.